Indonesia’s Super Trees in the Fight Against Climate Change
What are Mangroves?
A mangrove is a small tree that grows in coastal areas. Mangrove forests serve many vital functions in the coastal regions where they are found, including as a protective shield against coastal erosion, a habitat for local flora and fauna, and as a source of income for local economies which rely on mangroves for fisheries and ecotourism.
Additionally, they serve as a major carbon offsetter.
Where are they usually found?
Mangroves are found in coastal regions in tropical and subtropical climates. They thrive in saline water and muddy soil, and can withstand high temperatures and tides.
With approximately 2.8 million hectares of mangrove forest (that’s about 42 times the size of Jakarta!), Indonesia has more mangrove forests than any other country on Earth, making up approximately 23% percent of the world’s mangrove forest.
Why are they important?
Mangroves play many critical roles in coastal ecosystems including as:
Nature-based climate solution